Review California dairy products

California dairy products

      California is known to be the leading supplier of dairy and cheese products as it is the largest farming state in the US. It produces more than 400 fiber commodities and commercial foods, and dairy farming is the largest of these commercial groups. 

                                        History

      California has been the largest milk producer in the US since 1993, and it is also leading in the production of butter, non-fat dry milk, and ice cream. It is also the second-largest in producing cheese and yogurt in the US. There are currently 1750 dairy farms in California that accommodate 1.79 million cows. Roughly in every five dairy cows in the US, one lives in California. The growing dairy business in California does not comprise only farms but also dairy manufacturers, processors, foodservice suppliers, retailers, and wholesalers. The ranches and farms in California got cash receipts of more than $50 billion for their outputs in 2019. This shows a small rise in cash receipts reported for 2018. Exports summed roughly to $21.7 billion, which constitutes a rise of exports to 3.4 % from 2018’s. The revenue of California was led by dairy products, followed by grapes and almonds (Xiaoyu & Kebreab, 2020).

                       California Top Commodities

          Fresno County is known as the largest agricultural county in California in total production value. It was ranked first in 1999 for vegetables, tree nuts and fruits, livestock products, and field crops. Fresno county would have ranked as the 29th biggest agricultural state in the US in production value. In Siskiyou, there is plenty of plant breeding and development. An example is onions, where most onion varieties are hybrids. In Sonoma County, California, there is a Petaluma-based company which was the first dairy in America to hold its partnership of a dairy owned by a family to a bigger standard and to become American humane certified by expanding its special clover promise of supremacy program (Liang & Kaiser, 2015). The brand mission of clove Sonoma is to utilize their best knowledge in producing quality dairy that glorifies their care for the environment, family farms, animals, and communities they serve. In Humboldt County, California, organic dairy agriculture is carried out. A study was done on dairy farmers that shown organic agriculture constituted a mixture of an economic chance to keep their multi-generational family farms merged with a farming strategy that mirrored their current methods. The main dairy products found in Humboldt are powders, ice creams, and fluid products. Mendocino County in California has four main dairy farms which include; hopper dairy, which produces dairies and dairy products, Troia dairy, which produces dairies, Yerba Santa goat dairy, which produces dairies and wholesale dairy products and lastly bodega, which produces cheese, wholesale grocers, and dairies (Martins et al., 2019). 

      Milk products have been the largest harvested product in California Tulare county, and cheese is at the top of the list. Milk products output in 2019 increased by 4% to $7.51 billion from the previous year. Total consumption of cheese is forecasted to increase by 29% between 2020 and 2030. Cheese remains the most consumed product as it tops up in the list of the most sold dairy products. Milk and other dairy products are beneficial and nutritious when taken as a portion of a balanced diet in foods like; cereals and beverages, fruits and vegetables, fish/chicken/meat/alternatives, and small portions of oils and fats. The nutrient make-up of milk makes it a proven liquid that is essential for the conservation of flawless nutrition, mainly for young people. The main nutrients found in milk are; proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals (Espadamala et al., 2018). 

       In conclusion, milk is an important product that comes from various animals like cows and goats, processed into other products like cheese, butter, yogurt, ice cream, and later used to make other products. It is a largely used product worldwide, and in the US, California is the largest producer. Milk and milk products are also used as food ingredients like baking cakes, cooking vegetables, and many other more purposes. It’s therefore important to protect and care for the animals that produce milk as it is a product almost everyone uses.

References

                  Espadamala, A. et al. “Metritis Diagnosis and Treatment Practices In 45 Dairy Farms in California”. Journal Of Dairy Science, vol 101, no. 10, 2018, pp. 9608-9616. American Dairy Science Association, doi:10.3168/jds.2017-14296.

                  Feng, Xiaoyu, and Ermias Kebreab. “Net Reductions In Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Feed Additive Use In California Dairy Cattle.” PLOS ONE, vol 15, no. 9, 2020, p. e0234289. Public Library Of Science (Plos), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0234289.

                   Martins, J.P.N. et al. “Needs Assessment For Cooperative Extension Dairy Programs In California.” Journal Of Dairy Science, vol 102, no. 8, 2019, pp. 7597-7607. American Dairy Science Association, doi:10.3168/jds.2018-15959.

                   Song, Liang, and Harry M. Kaiser. “An Economic Evaluation of Market Development Programmes for US Dairy Products.” Applied Economics, vol 48, no. 3, 2015, pp. 212-221. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/00036846.2015.1076152.

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