How to live well with diabetes?

     Good nutrition can increase overall energy and health, prolonging your independence. Good nutrition can also control or prevent certain diseases such as diabetes and kidney failure. Diabetes is ranked among the leading causes of mortality in the US. Additionally, it is the leading cause of lower-limb amputation, adult blindness, and kidney failure. The disease is attributed to the high percentage of blood glucose in the body system. Diabetes can be classified into type 1 and 2(Salsali and Muriel, pg. 352). Statistics show that in the United States, there are steadily rising cases of type 2 diabetes within the low and middle class.

     According to CDC, type 2 diabetes is a common condition among Americans. Over 34 million people have diabetes, and about 95% are diagnosed with type 2. This condition is more prevalent in individuals above 45 years, but young adults, teens, and children also develop the disease. Between 2014 and 2020, there was a 5% increase in diabetes cases across the USA (“Center for Disease Control and Prevention,” par 1). Furthermore, the condition is common in low and middle-class people. Although this does not leave other attributes like generic inherit and even among the rich. Research shows that the factor such as poor healthcare access, poor diets, and lack of adequate exercise as attributed to the complication among the classes.

     Managing blood sugars in the body is crucial to people living with diabetes, and a good diet helps control blood sugars. A healthy diet means eating the right amount of healthy food and at the right time. Eating well helps to maintain the blood sugars within the correct range. However, maintaining a good diet is a challenge for low-income earners (Marcy et al., pg. 22). They end up making unhealthy food deserts due to unaffordable food options. Additionally, low-income populations are associated with unhealthy behaviors, hazardous home environments, stress, and obesity, which are factors that contribute to a higher possibility of developing diabetes.

    Furthermore, working conditions can contribute to stressful routines that attract convenient and cheap food options containing large amounts of sugar and salt. With low-income levels, it is difficult for households to choose and maintain healthy food options. Additionally, fast and cheap foods such as cookies, soda, and candy are accessible at less money in the grocery stores (Dominguez, et al., par 7).  However, they contain low-quality carbohydrates and may be costly in the consumer’s long-run health as a poor diet leads to poor health.

     Meal planning and frequent consultation with the dietary experts to have a healthy eating plan and have a good source of information on the tips and strategies for having a balanced diet are paramount (“World Health Organization,” pg. 40). There is a need for researchers and medics to look at the leading causes of type 2 diabetes to provide the correct and understandable information to United States citizens. Physical activities and nutrition are essential in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Along with additional benefits, being active and following a healthy diet plan can aid in maintaining blood glucose levels in the required range. The choice of food you eat, the amount you eat, and when you eat are essential in maintaining blood sugars in the correct range recommended by your health care team.

     A meal plan that outlines healthy foods from various food groups is vital for people living with diabetes. They include vegetables, both starchy and non-starchy, fruits, grains, proteins, and dairy products with low or no fat content. However, one should limit drinks with added sugars, fried foods, and other foods with high-fat saturation. Information such as the seriousness of the disease to the community should be relayed. If left untreated, it may result in other chronic diseases such as kidney failure, heart attack, and blindness.

Sources

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021. Type 2 Diabetes. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/type2.html

Dominguez, Ligia J., et al. “Fast food consumption and gestational diabetes incidence in the SUN project.” PLoS One 9.9 (2014): e106627.

Marcy, Todd R., Mark L. Britton, and Don Harrison. “Identification of barriers to appropriate dietary behavior in low-income patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.” Diabetes Therapy 2.1 (2011): 9-19.

Salsali, Afshin, and Muriel Nathan. “A review of types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus and their treatment with insulin.” American journal of therapeutics 13.4 (2006): 349-361.

World Health Organization. Global Report on Diabetes, 2026. http://docs.dpaq.de/10605-diabetes_who_embargoed-who-global-report-on-diabetes.pdf

2 thoughts on “How to live well with diabetes?

  1. Planning your meals for consumption at a specific time as well as having a balanced diet not only can lower blood sugar but it can help you achieve weight loss as well. Add some exercise to the planned meals will help keep weight off and tone the body as well. There are several tools available to help keep blood sugar under control and can give you an indication which direction you are going when it concerns Type 2 Diabetes.

    Jerry

    1. Thank you, Jerry, for sharing your honest feedback. I have close friends who struggle with type 2 diabetes. The challenge to manage time to sort your meals, exercise and family can be stressful. So I try to provide the best available tools I can offer to stay healthy. Follow Me @ Facebook or Try Trifecta Meal/Physical Training App. 

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